What are the common diseases of the digestive system?

Gastro Diseases - VishwaRaj Hospital

Issues with the digestive system are a widespread problem in people, but most don’t like talking about it. Conditions like heartburn, gas, stomach aches, and other digestive pain are not of serious concern. But they may serve as a signal for other serious health issues. You don’t have to stay entirely and ignore your problem. If you see the symptoms mentioned down here, then you require immediate doctor’s attention.

Ten common diseases relating to the digestive system

Some of the common digestive problems are mentioned here for you. If you find yourself suffering from any of this, you should take professional help:

  • Stomach Flu

Stomach flu is a type of stomach infection that affects the upper half of the small intestine. The common problems you suffer from stomach flu are cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, cramps, etc. Norovirus and Rotavirus are the leading cause of this disease. It gets eliminated on its own. However, you lose a lot of fluid during vomiting and diarrhea. You can prevent dehydration by consuming plenty of water and having electrolyte drinks.

  • Ulcer

A peptic ulcer is most common because of your regular lifestyle, i.e., your diet and stress level. But recently scientist found that peptic ulcer is mostly caused by infection through bacteria. It is also the result of the use or abuse of over-the-counter NSAID drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen.

These drugs damage the mucus lining the stomach. When the lining is damaged, it is in direct contact with acid, which affects the tissue and results in a peptic ulcer.

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

If you are continuously experiencing acid reflux or heartburn, you may be suffering from GERD. LES or Lower esophageal sphincter acts as the connection between the stomach and esophagus. But when this LES is weak, acid can flow back up to your esophagus. This acid causes you a heartburn sensation.

 If the process continues for long, it can cause severe damage to your gullet or esophagus. However, you can cure it by improving your lifestyle habit. Eating smaller meals and adopting regular exercise can help with the process.

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

IBD and IBS are not the same. In IBS, you experience abdominal pain atleast three times in thirty days for continuous three months. You might also suffer from diarrhea or constipation. IBS is not as severe as IBD; it does not damage the digestive tract and is very prevalent. However, the disease’s cause is not exact. You can cure it by eating smaller meals and avoiding the trigger. Some people start taking probiotics or fiber supplements for treating IBS.

  • Chronic constipation

You suffer from three bowel moments in a week for three consecutive weeks or longer in chronic constipation. You might also find your stool is hard and challenging to eliminate from the body. Just like diarrhea, you cannot diagnose the cause of chronic constipation quickly.

For treating the condition, you will require over-the-counter remedies like fiber supplements and stool softener. Try to include more liquid in your diet to ease the situation, mainly water. After considering these, if you still find no relief, you should consult a doctor. The physician can suggest some exercises to help your digestive system.

  • Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can be painful. It includes a swollen blood vessel in the anal tube. Symptoms of the disease are bright red blood, pain, and itching after a bowel movement. The leading causes of hemorrhoids are pregnancy and constipation. `It is seen that most people who have crossed the age of 45 experience hemorrhoids.

You can cure hemorrhoids by treating constipation, by including plenty of water in your lifestyle, and fibrous food. You can also try hemorrhoid cream or a warm bath to reduce itchiness and pain.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

In IBD, you suffer from long-lasting inflammation inside the digestive tract. The two prime types of IBD are ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. They are due to an abnormal reaction of the immune system. You suffer from swelling and irritation during the problem, which leads to abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, and weight loss. However, ulcerative colitis affects only the rectum and colon. Drugs that can block immune reactions can help to treat this disease.

  • Diverticular Disease

This disease causes the formation of small pouches in the walls of the colon and becomes inflamed. It is most common in people older than 60 to eighty years. In diverticulosis, you feel lower abdominal pain, constipation, and bloated. However, you can cure it by changing your eating habits. In a severe condition like when your rectum is bleeding, you need to book an appointment with the doctor. The doctor may suggest you liquid diet and antibiotics or surgery to cure the condition.

  • Gallstones

The bile juice or the digestive juice stored in the gall bladder often turns into the hard deposit. When these harden, the body forms gallstones. However, they are not always problematic. Most of them do not cause any symptom and gets cured on their own. At the same time, it can also lead to infection or cause severe pain. Some other symptoms of gallstones are fever, vomiting, and nausea. During a gallbladder attack, the doctor may suggest you go through the operation.

  • Celiac Disease

Celiac disease and the gluten-sensitive issue has the same symptoms. They both include abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea. When you doubt suffering from this disease, do not self diagnose; visit a doctor for a diagnosis. All the symptoms may be the same, but celiacs are an autoimmune disease capable of damaging the small intestine. Eliminating gluten from your diet can help cure the disease. Try to avoid barley, oats, rye, and wheat to reduce gluten intake.


If you suffer from any of the above diseases, try to cure it by changing your diet. Also, try indulging in healthy habits like morning exercises. Even then, if you don’t see any progress in your health, you must visit your doctor. Never ignore symptoms if it’s coming back after a regular interval. It might be difficult to discuss but always get it diagnosed before it’s late.

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    About Writer
    Department Of Gastroenterology

    The Gastroenterology department at VishwaRaj Hospital caters and addresses diseases of the oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver.

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