How Can I Permanently Cure Sinusitis?
Sinusitis or sinus infection is the medical condition in which the paranasal sinuses swell. The production of the slimy mucus aids in moistening the nasal pathways. But, when there is an overproduction, the sinus becomes irritated, and inflammation occurs. There are various causes that can lead to sinusitis. Bacteria, allergies, fungi, and viruses can all lead to the swelling of the sinus.
Moreover, there are various types of sinusitis. Some of them are – a) chronic sinusitis, b) acute sinusitis, c) recurrent sinusitis, and d) subacute sinusitis. Though the condition brings uncomfortable sensations and pain, it mainly fades off without medical assistance. But, if the symptoms become more severe, medical consultation is essential.
Different treatment methods for sinusitis
There are various types of treatments available for sinusitis. Some of them are curable with simple medications, while the critical ones may need surgery. Also, there are various home remedies that you can adopt to get rid of the sinus infection.
There are several medications that can help to cure sinusitis. Check out some of them listed here.
- Oral corticosteroids
These medications are only given when there are severe symptoms. Patients suffering from nasal polyps can also take them. They can cause side-effects if used for a longer duration. It is why doctors prescribe them only when the nasal corticosteroids fail.
- Nasal corticosteroids
These are nasal sprays that help in the treatment of inflammation. Doctors can prescribe budesonide, fluticasone, etc. But, if these do not work, then the medical expert may suggest nasal rinsing. It is usually done with a solution that has saline and some prescribed medicine.
- Nasal sprays
These are the over-the-counter sprays that are available in every pharmacy shop. They can help in reducing the drainage and assists in flushing away the irritants.
If the cause of your infection is a bacterium, then prescribing antibiotics is viable. Sometimes, doctors prescribe it along with other medicines. It is why several diagnostic tests are done so that the right assessment is possible.
If the underlying cause of the sinusitis is due to some allergies, then immunotherapy is a possible treatment option. With allergy shots, the condition might get better as it reduces the reaction of the body to allergens.
If the medications do not bring relief or cure the sinusitis, then doctors recommend surgery. The most prevalent ones are balloon sinuplasty and endoscopy.
- Balloon sinuplasty
In this surgical procedure, the surgeon inserts a small tube into the nose. On one side of this tube, there is a small-sized balloon present. Then, the balloon is directed towards the area of infection. After that, inflation of the balloon occurs.
Due to inflation, the sinus passages become clear. Once it is done, the surgeon removes the tube. However, this surgery is not for all, especially, for those who have cysts blockage in the sinus pathway.
Compared to balloon sinuplasty, endoscopy is quite common. In this procedure, the surgeon puts flexible but thin instruments (endoscopes) within the nose. One of these instruments is fitted with a camera. It helps the doctors to see images inside the nose.
With the assistance of the pictures, the surgeon can then direct the other endoscopes to clear the sinus passage. It can then remove the scar tissue, polyps, etc. Usually, local anesthesia is used before proceeding with the surgery. You can even go home the same day.
- Home remedies
You can also opt for home remedies. It might not cure the condition completely, but it definitely aids in reducing them. In essence, you will get relief from the pain.
It is vital that you rest so that your body can fight against the infection. When you sleep, make sure that you elevate your head by using some pillows. It will help you to breathe easily.
Steam inhalation is a great way to get rid of the sinus. You can also add some essential oils to the steam bowl. Another alternative is to take hot showers. Also, you can use a warm towel and keep it on your face.
- Nasal irrigation
Use a saline mixture to rinse the nasal pathways. For this, you can use the neti pot, saline canister, etc. Make sure that the water is clean and the equipment is sterile.
- Warm compresses
You can also use warm compresses on the swollen areas. Do it gently and ensure that the cloth is clean. It will offer relief from the discomfort and pain.
You must consume loads of fluids. Try drinking more juice and water. It will actually assist in weakening the mucus layer. However, you must avoid alcoholic beverages.
- Spicy food
Try including hot sauce, hot peppers, etc., to the diet. Consumption of spicy foods can aid in clearing the nasal pathways. However, you must be cautious if you have an existing medical condition that forbids eating spicy food items.
The treatment of sinusitis depends on the type, severity, and other associate parameters. In the majority of the cases, the swelling is cured on its own. Medical intervention is not usually required. However, in situations where the condition persists, taking expert aid is a wise decision.
If you want to cure sinusitis permanently, you need to consult a doctor. They will conduct various diagnostic tests and offer the best treatment plan. However, you can make room for some homemade remedies with the approval of the physician. It might appear as a simple issue. But if left unchecked, sinusitis may also lead to meningitis.