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What is Cervical Cancer

What is Cervical Cancer

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Cervical Cancer म्हणजे काय? (What is Cervical Cancer?)

Cervix म्हणजे गर्भाशयाचे तोंड आणि Cervical Cancer म्हणजे गर्भाशयाच्या तोंडाचे cancer.

आता पर्यंत च्या संशोधनामध्ये कळते कि स्तन च्या cancer नंतर सर्वात जास्त कॅन्सर महिलांमध्ये होतो तो Cervical Cancer. भारतामध्ये सरासरी १ लाख पेक्षा अधिक महिलांना cervical कॅन्सर झाला आणि ७० हजार हुन अधिक महिलांना आपला जीव गमवावा लागला. म्हणजे दर ७ मिनिटाला एक महिला Cervical Cancer मुळे मृत्युमुखी पडते.

Cervical Cancer का होतो? (Cervical Cancer Causes)

Cervical Cancer पसरण्यामागे एक virus असतो ज्याला Human Papilloma Virus . हा Virus शारीरिक संबंध ठेवल्यामुळे होतो. काही महिलांमध्ये हा आपोआप बरा होतो पण काहींमध्ये हा virus जिवंत राहतो आणि त्यामुळे पुढील १० वर्षात कॅन्सर होण्याची शक्यता असते.

Cervical Cancer पासून प्रतिबंध कसे करायचे? ( How to Reduce the Risk of Cervical Cancer? )

Cervical Cancer चा प्रतिबंध करण्यासाठी ३ steps आहेत-

  1. Screening Test करणे – Screening Test या दोन प्रकार च्या आहेत, PAP Test आणि HPV DNA Test. PAP टेस्ट OPD मध्ये केली जाते. हि टेस्ट योनीमार्गाततुन केली जाते. गर्भाशयाच्या तोंडाजवळचा स्त्राव काढतात आणि तपासणी ला पाठवतात. ८०% महिलांमध्ये हा रिपोर्ट सामान्य येतो. असामान्य रिपोर्ट म्हणजे कॅन्सर असते असे नाही.HPV DNA Test हि टेस्ट सुद्धा PAP टेस्ट सारखीच करण्यात येते. या टेस्ट ने infection आहे कि नाही हे समझते. जर का हे दोन्ही रिपोर्ट असामान्य आले तर बहुतांश महिलांमध्ये कॅन्सर च्या आधीच्या लक्षण असतात ज्याला Dysplasia असं म्हणतात. Dysplasia treat केल्यामुळे कॅन्सर सारखा मोठा दोख टाळू शकतो. PAP Test हि २५-५० वयोगटात दर वर्षातून एकदा करणे गरजेचे असते आणि ५०-६ वयोगटात दर ५ वर्षातून एक कारण गरजेचे आहे.
  2. HPV Vaccine घेणे – ३ प्रकारच्या vaccines available आहेत. ९-१५ वर्षाच्या वयोगटात या vaccines सर्वात जास्त प्रभावित असतात. पण हे vaccine ४५ वर्षापर्यंत घेऊ शकतात. हे vaccines सुरक्षित आहेत आणि प्रत्येक महिलेने हे vaccine घेणे गरजेचे आहेत.
  3. जनजागृती करणे – आपण आपल्या मैत्रिणींना आणि नातेवाईकांना cancer screening आणि लशीकरणाबद्दल सांगू आणि आपल्या आरोग्याची नीट काळजी घेऊ.

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What Is Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT)?

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), also termed as biventricular pacing, involves the use of a special kind of pacemaker known as a biventricular pacemaker – that works by sending small electrical impulses through the leads attached to it, in order to keep the right and left ventricles pumping together, called AV synchrony. It is designed to help the ventricles contract normally and improve the heart’s rhythm and symptoms associated with arrhythmia or heart failure.

How Does A Biventricular Pacemaker Works?

The pacemaker is implanted just below the collarbone. There are three wires connected to the devices monitor that helps in detecting heart rate irregularities and in synchronizing the heart by emitting tiny pulses of electricity to correct them.

Diagnostic Procedure

The doctor performs several tests to diagnose the find the cause of irregular heartbeats, before implanting a biventricular pacemaker. These tests are performed using:

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